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VulnCheck Exploited Vulnerabilities Report - May 2024

Patrick Garrityin/patrickmgarrity/

In May, VulnCheck identified evidence of 103 CVEs that were publicly disclosed for the first time as exploited in the wild, marking a 90.7% increase over April. This growth in public disclosure aligns with the rising trend in vulnerability exploitation, as highlighted by Verizon’s 2024 Data Breach Investigations Report (DBIR), which reported a massive 180% increase in vulnerability exploitation between 2022 and 2023.

Key Takeaways

  • In May, VulnCheck identified 103 CVEs that were publicly disclosed for the first time as exploited in the wild - a 90%+ increase since April.
  • Software that topped the list with new exploitation evidence includes Google Chrome, Microsoft Windows, Apple Safari and Adobe Acrobat Reader.
  • New Exploitation Evidence sourced from Fortinet, CheckPoint, Aqua Security reports contributed to May’s spike in known exploited vulnerabilities.
  • VulnCheck sourced known exploitation evidence faster than CISA for 71.4% of vulnerabilities from alternate sources in May.
  • As of May 31st, 10 Known Exploited Vulnerabilities are still awaiting analysis by NIST NVD.

May Vendor and Product Breakdown

Vulnerabilities, Exploitation, Exploits

The 103 CVEs with known exploitation evidence were associated with 58 software suppliers across 73 unique products. The following software topped the list with two or more CVEs with known exploitation:

  • Google Chrome: 7
  • Microsoft Windows: 5
  • Apple Safari: 5
  • Adobe Acrobat Reader: 3
  • Microsoft Exchange: 2
  • Oracle JDK: 2
  • phpMyAdmin: 2

TP-Link’s TL-R600VPN (2) is new to the VulnCheck Known Exploited Vulnerabilities (KEV), and Arcserve Unified Data Protection (3) has its first newly confirmed exploited vulnerabilities since early 2022.

Significant Increase in Vulnerability Exploitation Disclosure

Vulnerabilities, Exploitation, Exploits Investigating the substantial increase in new vulnerability exploitation disclosures, we observe a significant spike from previous months. VulnCheck KEV has been in existence since January 2021 and prior to May, the only significant spikes in VulnCheck KEV data were:

  • In April of 2021, Palo Alto’s Unit 42 published a report including 2020’s top exploited vulnerabilities.
  • Late 2021, the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agancy(CISA) launched CISA KEV resulting in a spike in November 2021 and March 2022.
  • Late 2023/Early 2024 onboarding ShadowServer as a new source for known exploitation.

Who Was the First to Report the Exploited Vulnerabilities?

Vulnerabilities, Exploitation, Exploits

To understand the increase in the disclosure of known exploited vulnerabilities, we examined the reference sources provided with VulnCheck KEV. Three sources account for 49 unique vulnerabilities:

While this spike might align with seasonal trends and the RSA conference, it also demonstrates security vendors’ willingness to share broader vulnerability intelligence on known exploitation. This transparency is a significant positive for security teams, as it enhances their visibility into known exploitation.

How did VulnCheck KEV do compared with CISA KEV?

VulnCheck KEV vs. CISA KEV

In May 2024, CISA added 14 vulnerabilities to its KEV, representing 13.6% of the vulnerabilities that VulnCheck discovered as having public exploitation evidence for the first time. VulnCheck sourced known exploitation evidence faster than CISA for 71.4% of these vulnerabilities from alternate sources.

Exploited Vulnerabilities Continue to go unprocessed by NIST NVD

In May, 22 out of 103 vulnerabilities added to VulnCheck KEV were published after February 12, 2024, when the NIST National Vulnerability Database (NVD) slowed down processing new vulnerabilities. Of these 22 known exploited vulnerabilities, 45% (10) were still awaiting analysis by NIST NVD as of May 31st.

Access VulnCheck Known Exploited Vulnerabilities (KEV) Catalog

For those eager to dive deeper into known exploited vulnerabilities, you can start by utilizing VulnCheck Community a free resource including VulnCheck KEV and VulnCheck NVD++.

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